Type 1 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Treatment and Prevention
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin is mainly due to genetic issue. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It happens when your immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. The damage is permanent. Type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, built can develop in adults also.
Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas.
Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When the blood glucose elevates (for example, after eating food), insulin is
released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level by promoting the uptake of glucose into body cells. In patients with
diabetes, the absence of insufficient production of or lack of response to insulin causes hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, which can be controlled, but it lasts a lifetime.
Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to spillage of glucose into the urine.
Some of the risk factors for getting diabetes include being overweight or obese, leading a sedentary lifestyle,
a family history of diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), and low levels of the "good" cholesterol (HDL) and
elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood.
If you don't keep your type 1 diabetes well controlled, you could set yourself up for serious or life-threatening problems.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. It requires lifelong disease management. But with consistent monitoring and adherence to treatment, you may be able to avoid some of the more serious complications of the disease. Many people with type 1 diabetes live long, healthy lives. The key to good health is to keep your blood sugar levels within the range your doctor gives you. You will need to check them often and adjust insulin, food, and activities to make that happen.
All people with type 1 diabetes must use insulin injections to control their blood sugar.When your doctor talks about insulin, he will mention three main things:
1. "Onset" is the length of time before it reaches your bloodstream and begins lowering blood sugar.
2. "Peak time" is the time when insulin is doing the most work in terms of lowering blood sugar.
3."Duration" is how long it keeps working after onset.
Insulin injections and insulin pumps are the two methods of insulin administration. Insulin injections are given multiple times daily, while insulin pumps deliver a steady dose of insulin throughout the day. Insulin cannot be taken as an oral pill or tablet because the stomach destroys it before it can reach the bloodstream. Individuals with Type 1 diabetes must check their blood sugar levels multiple times a day to ensure that levels stay within a healthy range.
Your doctor may start you out with two injections a day of two different types of insulin. You may progress to three or fourshots a day.Most insulin comes in a small glass bottle called a vial. You draw it out with a syringe that has a needle on the end, and give yourself the shot. Some now comes in a prefilled pen. One kind is inhaled. You can also get it from a pump , a device you wear that sends it into your body via a small tube. Your doctor will help you to pick the type and the delivery method that's best for you.