Treatment of Acid Reflux and Risks From Long Term GERD
Acid reflux is also known as heartburn, acid indigestion, or pyrosis that happens when some of the acidic stomach contents go back up into the esophagus.
Changes to lifestyle and diet can prevent or improve symptoms of acid reflux.
The symptoms of acid reflux disease can be controlled by lifestyle changes combined with over the counter medications.
These medications are generally safe and effective but can cause problems absorbing nutrients, which can lead to malnutrition. Nonprescription antacids provide temporary or partial relief for some people.
Antacids can help neutralize acid in the esophagus and stomach and stop heartburn.
Antacids contain chemical compounds such as sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide and aluminum.
Long-term use of antacids can have side effects including diarrhea and altered calcium metabolism in which there will be change in the way the body breaks down and uses calcium.
Antacid also buildup of magnesium in the body which will create problem for people with kidney disease . A doctor should be consulted if antacids are needed for more than 2 weeks.
If acid reflux symptoms happen more than twice a week, you are diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Left untreated, acid reflux can lead to increased risk of cancer. Stomach acid can damage the esophagus if not controlled for a longer period of time leading to
In this case the damage caused by stomach acid leads to scar development and hence difficulties swallowing, with food getting stuck when it moves down the esophagus.
In this case the lining of the esophagus is inflamed causing irritation, bleeding, and ulcers.
A serious complication where the cells and tissues lining the esophagus changes to tissue that resembles the lining of the intestine.
Both esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus are associated with a higher risk of cancer.
A fundoplication surgery can be done in very rare case when acid reflux disease is severe and unresponsive to medical treatment.