Risk Factor of Cardiovascular Disease
There are many things that can increase your risk of getting
cardiovascular disease. These are called risk factors. The more risk
factors you have, the greater your chances of developing CVD. The main
risk factors for CVD are:
is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. High cholesterol
contributes to plaque, which will narrow your blood vessels and increase
your risk of developing a blood clot. This will result in blockage of
arteries and lead to heart disease and stroke.
blood pressure is a major risk factor for CVD. If your blood pressure
is too high, it can damage your blood vessels leading to heart Disease
Most of the food we eat is turned into
glucose or blood sugar, that our bodies use for energy. When the body is
unable to use up these sugar because of diabetes,you have high sugar
level lying in your blood. High levels of blood sugar for a longer
period of time can damage the blood vessels, making them more likely to
become narrowed. This will result in damage of your nerves, heart,
kidneys, eyes, and
Obesity which is one of the cause
of diabetes and blood pressure, directly increases risk of cardiac
disease. You are at an increased risk of CVD if your body mass index
(BMI) is 25 or above.
physical activity will lead to overweight , diabetes, high blood
pressure and high cholesterol . All of these are risk factors for CVD.
Regular exercise will help keep your heart healthy. When combined with a healthy diet, exercise can also help you maintain a healthy weight.
and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. The
harmful substances in tobacco can damage and narrow your blood vessels.
Not only from direct consumption of tobacco, but also from exposure to
second-hand smoke can also causes the damage of blood vessels.
intakes of saturated fat, trans-fats and salt, and low intake of
fruits, vegetables and fish in your diet can be a cause of
High salt consumption plays an important role in raising blood pressure levels and overall cardiovascular risk. Frequent consumption of processed foods that are high in fats and sugars, promotes obesity and may increase cardiovascular risk.
High trans fat intake has adverse effects on blood lipids and circulating inflammatory markers.
Higher consumption of sugar is associated with higher blood pressure, bad cholesterol and increased risk of diabetes mellitus.
consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Excessive
alcohol consumption can also increase your cholesterol and blood
pressure levels, and lead to weight gain.
total cholesterol level increases as age increases, developing a risk of
cardiovascular disease. Aging is also associated with changes in the
mechanical and structural properties of the vascular wall. This will
leads to the loss of arterial elasticity and reduced arterial compliance
which may cause coronary artery disease.
Male are at
greater risk of heart disease than pre-menopausal female. But Once
past menopause, a woman's risk is similar to a man's. If a female has
diabetes, she is more likely to develop heart disease than a male with
In females, estrogen is the predominant sex hormone that have protective effects on glucose metabolism and hemostatic system. This will have direct effect in improving endothelial cell function. The production of estrogen decreases after menopause, which causes in decreasing the HDL cholesterol level while increasing LDL and total cholesterol levels.
If you have a family history of
CVD, your risk of developing it is also increased. If your father or
brother were diagnosed with CVD before they were 55 or if your mother or
sister were diagnosed with CVD before they were 65 ,you are at a risk
of cardiovascular disease.