Kidney Transplant: Types, Complications & Side Effect
A surgical procedure to remove the kidneys which are not functioning properly and place a healthy kidney from a live or deceased donor is called Kidney transplant. The stage where kidneys become damaged and can no longer function well enough is known as end stage renal disease (ESRD). At this stage kidney transplant is required. This is one of the major complications of diabetic.
Kidneys are the most vital organ of human body which remove waste fluid from your body, maintain your blood pressure, and keep your bones strong. They also ensure that you have the right amount of potassium and sodium , in your blood. They produce the hormone that causes your body to create red blood cells. Prolonged high sugar will cause chronic kidney disease which requires kidney transplant. A kidney transplant offers lower risk of death, better quality of life and fewer dietary restrictions than dialysis.Hence it is preferred then dialysis.
There are 3 types of kidney transplant.
When a kidney from someone who has recently died is removed and placed in a recipient whose kidneys have failed and no longer function properly is called deceased-donor kidney transplant.
The kidney will be removed with consent of the family or from a donor card. Until the kidney is transplanted into the recipient, the donated kidney is either stored on ice or connected to a machine that provides oxygen and nutrients.
When a kidney from someone who is alive is removed and placed in a recipient whose kidneys have failed and no longer function properly is called living-donor kidney transplant.
Only one donated kidney will be sufficient to survive when replaced with two failed kidneys. This makes living-donor kidney transplant an alternative to deceased-donor kidney transplant.
Living-donor kidney transplant have some benefits compared with deceased-donor kidney transplant, such as
A kidney transplant that takes place before your kidney function deteriorates to the point of needing dialysis to replace the normal filtering function of the kidneys is called as pre-emptive kidney transplant. This is done much before End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).
The benefits of pre-emptive kidney transplant before dialysis for people with end-stage kidney disease include:
Kidney transplant surgery could have complications including:
After a kidney transplant, the anti-rejection medications that you take to help prevent your body from rejecting the donor kidney can have side effects such as