How to manage and support epilepsy in infants, toddlers and school going children?
Abnormal movements or behavior due to unusual electrical activity in the brain are known as seizures which is a symptom of epilepsy. But not all people who appear to have seizures have epilepsy.
Usually during the first few years of life when the brain is going through its most dramatic growth and changes, seizures occur most frequently. But diagnosing seizures in this period can be difficult, as infants cannot communicate what they are feeling after a seizure or during medical tests. Avoid learning and developmental delays in infants by recognizing and treating seizures as early as possible. Effective treatment of infants and toddlers with epilepsy can be possible by close observations of parents and caretakers. Parents of infants or toddlers with epilepsy will have many challenges to face. Finding a child care or day care center for their infant is one of the biggest challenges out of them as some child care centers may not admit children with epilepsy or refuse to give them emergency anti-seizure medication.
When children grow older, epilepsy can impact many parts of their lives. It is best to establish routines and set clear rules and limits for them to do well in school. Epilepsy can effect the type of sports they can play, how they are treated by friends and many more aspect in their life. Upsetting a child with epilepsy by stopping certain activities can lead to a seizure. But it should not increase the risk of a seizure if you stay calm and your child is old enough to understand the cause of stopping a certain behavior.
Children with epilepsy can live active lives as others and can involve in sports and other activities. You can encourage your child to participate in different activities that your child can do. It depends upon the kind of epilepsy your child have, the success of treatment, and many other factors that how much and to what extent epilepsy interrupts the life of your child. Help him become more independent as your child grows.
The following things you can do to encourage & support a child with epilepsy:
Some children experience sudden episodes that might imitate seizures and are mistaken as seizure which are really not. These include:
These episodes may occur just once or may recur over a limited time period. Although these episodes may resemble epilepsy, they require different diagnostic tests and treatment.