Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease which is related to inherited genes. It is a autoimmune disorder which causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and sometimes painful. Mostly it affects the elbows, knees and scalp. It is not contagious. There is no cure for psoriasis, but symptoms can be managed.
A number of treatments are available, including several home remedies to ease the symptoms of psoriasis. Some home remedies are used alone or in combination with medical treatment. Though some home remedies can be helpful, others could interact with medications.Also, you should not take some herbal remedies if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have pre-existing medical conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure, or mood disorders.
So, talk with your doctor before taking any herbal remedy for your psoriasis. Psoriasis symptoms should always be tracked to ensure they are not getting worse.
You can try the below home remedies to easy your symptoms:
Exposure to Sunlight:
Exposure to sunlight can improve the appearance of the skin with psoriasis. At the beginning you should expose yourselves to the sun gradually and for short amounts of time to ensure your skin tolerates it. Recommendation is for 5 to 10 minutes of sun exposure once a day at midday. It is important to cover healthy skin with sunscreen and clothing, leaving only the affected areas exposed.
You can slowly increase sun exposure if your skin tolerate it. You should avoid any further sun exposure if you gets sunburn. Because sunburn can make psoriasis worse, you should also talk to a doctor.
UVB rays of sun are beneficial for psoriasis symptoms, but not the UVA rays. As sun and indoor tanning beds emit mostly UVA rays, which greatly increase the risk of skin damage and cancer of a person, it is advisable not to use commercial tanning beds.
As some medications can make skin more sensitive to the sun, people with a family history of skin cancer are not recommended for sun exposure.
Fish oil or omega-3 fats:
Omega-3 fatty acids are commonly found in fish and fish oil supplements. These can help reduce inflammation and improve autoimmune diseases, both of which are essential in treating psoriasis.
Omega-3 fatty acids can be more effective in improving psoriasis symptoms when combined with a topical treatment. To avoid possible stomach discomfort, should follow dosage instructions carefully when using fish oil. As fish oil supplements can interact with some medicines, you should talk to a doctor before taking them.
Capsaicin is found in red peppers that make them hot and helps fight inflammation. For moderate to severe symptoms of psoriasis, a capsaicin topical cream can be used which can help reduce the pain, inflammation, redness and scaling associated with psoriasis. Capsaicin creams are available in pharmacies and health food stores.
Probiotics are friendly bacteria that can be found in yogurt, fermented foods, and supplements. The right balance of bacteria in the body helps the immune system. Because psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, probiotics may be helpful in managing psoriasis symptoms.
Curcumin is the active ingredient found in the spice turmeric which help reduce inflammation in the body. Curcumin is available in pill or capsule form in many health food stores.
Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium):
Oregon grape, or mahonia aquifolium, is is a powerful antimicrobial herb that may help calm the immune response in psoriasis. Applying a cream containing at least 10 percent mahonia aquifolium may improve symptoms. Because it is in the alkaloid family, mahonia should only be used topical and should not be taken internally.
The gel from inside an aloe vera plant is known to help heal skin wounds. It may also help reduce redness, scaling, and inflammation from psoriasis. Aloe should be applied directly to the skin and can be applied to the skin up to three times a day. It should not be taken internally. Many health food stores carry aloe creams and gels. But, while choosing one you should check the label and choose one that contains at least 0.5 percent aloe.
Apple cider vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar can be particularly helpful to soothe the itching and burning associated with scalp psoriasis. It contains natural germ killing properties and can be soothing for the scalp. You can apply it to your scalp several times a week.
It should not be applied to broken or cracked skin or if your scalp skin is cracked or bleeding. Vinegar will only irritate your skin and cause a burning sensation if you have open wounds. The vinegar can be diluted with equal parts water for a gentler treatment which helps prevent a burning sensation. You should rinse the skin once the solution has dried to prevent irritation. Stop using it, if it burns when applied . You can see results within a few weeks if it works for you.
It is important to keep skin moisturized to avoid itching and flaking which can make can make psoriasis look and feel worse. You can apply a heavy ointment or thick cream to the affected areas which may help to control symptoms and keep skin feeling comfortable. While choosing a moisturized cream or lotion look for creams that contain no added fragrances or dyes and labeled for sensitive skin.
Warm baths with salts or oats:
Bath is always relaxing for your body. But baths or showers that are too long or too hot can make your skin dry which can make psoriasis worse. However, a warm bath containing colloidal oatmeal or Epsom salts or Dead Sea salts is soothing and relieves symptoms. It may help remove scales and ease itching as well as reduces redness. Apply an appropriate moisturizer while skin is still damp after bathing, to help prevent moisture loss.
Take steps to avoid certain trigger that are suspected to cause psoriasis
, as this can help to keep symptoms under control. These include:
- Skin injury, including cuts, scrapes, and sunburn
- Certain medications, including some drugs for high blood pressure, psychiatric disorders, arthritis, and malaria
- Infections and illnesses such as strep throat, colds, and other common conditions can affect the immune system, causing psoriasis to flare