The vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping is known as snoring. The sound may be soft in some cases, but in most of the cases, it is loud and unpleasant. Snoring
during sleep may be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which is a serious health issue and requires medical attention. People can be at a greater risk for serious health problems who snores. This include obstructive sleep apnea that can create the following health issues:
Interruptions of breathing :
Partial or total obstruction or blockage of the airway can cause interruptions of breathing during sleep which can last from a few seconds to minutes. This is due to due to lack of oxygen in brain and rest of the body.
Frequent awaking from sleep:
People with obstructive sleep apnea may not be aware that they are waking up from their sleep. When the muscles in the back of your throat relax, your airway narrows or closes as you breathe in resulting in lowering the level of oxygen in your blood. This will cause obstructive sleep apnea as you will be unable to get enough breath in and awake frequently while you sleep. With shortness of breath you may awaken or have a difficult time getting to sleep or staying asleep.
The normal pattern of sleep is distorted by waking up so many times in night causing more time to be spent in light sleep than in more restorative, deeper sleep. This will result in sleepiness or lack of energy during the day which in turn affects the daily routine work.
It will make difficulty for you to concentrate in daily activities such as watching TV or even when driving as you feel drowsy. Daytime drowsiness may cause you to fall asleep while you are working or doing some activity. People with sleep apnea have an increased risk of motor vehicle and workplace accidents. Sleep apnea may be responsible for poor performance in everyday activities, such as at work and school.
High blood pressure or heart problems:
There will be a increases in blood pressure due to sudden drops in blood oxygen levels that occur during sleep apnea. This also impact the cardiovascular system. The risk of high blood pressure or hypertension
increases with obstructive sleep apnea. It may increase the risk of recurrent heart attack
, and abnormal heartbeats, such as atrial fibrillation and even stroke. These multiple episodes of low blood oxygen can lead to sudden death from an irregular heartbeat if there is underlying heart disease.
Type 2 diabetes:
People with sleep apnea are more likely to develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes as compare to people without sleep disorder. Type 2 diabetic
is a serious health issue which is again associated with a number of complications. Diabetes is a group of diseases in which the body either does not produce enough or any insulin, does not properly use the insulin that is produced, or a combination of both. When any of these things happens, the body is unable to get sugar from the blood into the cells. That leads to high blood sugar levels.Lack of insulin or resistance to insulin causes sugar to build up in your blood which can lead to many health problems.
A combination of other risk factors which are associated with a higher risk of heart disease such as high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol, high blood sugar and an increased waist circumference are responsible for the occurrence of metabolic syndrome.