Dental Implants: Reason for Replacement, Types, Benifits and Tips for Oral Care


Implants are devices that replace the roots of missing teeth. A dental implant is a titanium post like a tooth root that is surgically positioned into the jawbone under the gum line. They are used to support crowns, bridges or dentures.

November 10, 2017

Dental Implants: Reason for Replacement, Types, Benifits and Tips for Oral Care

Implants are devices that replace the roots of missing teeth. A dental implant is a titanium post like a tooth root that is surgically positioned into the jawbone under the gum line. They are used to support crowns, bridges or dentures. Because implants fuse to your jawbone, they provide stable support for artificial teeth and feel more natural and secure than other methods of replacing missing teeth, such as dentures.
Dental implants also benefit general oral health because they do not have to be anchored to other teeth, like bridges. You must have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant if you are thinking of it.  If your bone is too thin or soft and unable to support an implant, you may require a bone graft. Or you may require a sinus lift, if there is not enough bone height in the upper jaw or the sinuses are too close to the jaw.

Reasons for replacing missing teeth:

When teeth are lost, the area of the jawbone that held those teeth starts to dissolve. Implants help to preserve the bone and the shape of your jaw.

  • People who have missing teeth can have poor nutrition, which can affect overall health. This is because tooth loss affects how well you chew and what foods you are able to eat. Raw fruits and vegetables require more chewing.
  • The loss of teeth can change your bite which can lead to problems with your jaw joint.
  • Losing teeth can lead to changes in your speech which also can affect your self-confidence.
  • Having all of your teeth can make you more self-confident.

Types of Implants:

Basically there are 3 types of implant. These include:

  •     Root form
  •     Subperiosteal
  •     Mini

A process called osseointegration is used for all type of implants where the bone in the jaw grows into and around the implant.
Root-form implants are the most common type of implant made of titanium which is a special material that the jawbone accepts as part of the body.. It looks like a small cylinder or screw. After an implant is placed in the jawbone, a metal cylinder called an abutment will be attached to it. The abutment acts as a base for a crown, denture or bridge.
Subperiosteal implants are consist of a metal frame that is fitted onto the jawbone just below the gum tissue. The frame becomes fixed to the jawbone as the gums heal. Posts, which are attached to the frame, protrude through the gums. Artificial teeth are then mounted to the posts.

Benefits of Implants:

These include:
Even though implants are more expensive than the alternatives such as denture or bridge, the investment can pay off in the long run.

  • Because implants are embedded in your bone, they feel more like your natural teeth than dentures.
  • These are more convenient as you do not need to worry about denture adhesives or having your dentures slip, click or fall out when you speak.
  • You may be able to chew better with implants. Chewing can be difficult with regular dentures, especially ones that don't fit perfectly. A regular upper denture also covers your palate, which can reduce your sense of taste.
  • Your self-esteem and confidence will be improved . Because implants are so much like your natural teeth and you will think less about them.

Oral Care Tips for Implants:

Few steps you should take to help ensure success and make your implant last.

Practice good oral hygiene :

Brush twice a day and floss once daily. Using interdental brushes, brushes that slide between teeth, can help clean the hard to reach areas around your implant.

Quit smoking:

Smoking can weaken the bone structure resulting in implant failure.

Visit your dentist:

Cleanings and a through examination every six months can help ensure your implant is in good condition.

Avoid chewing on hard foods:

Avoid chewing on hard items such as ice and hard candy as they can break the crown and your natural teeth.