Leucoderma also known as vitiligo is a disease in which the pigment cells of the skin called melanocytes, are destroyed in certain areas.
The word literally means white skin. The color of hair and skin is determined by melanin. When the cells that produces melanin die or stop functioning, there will be a gradual loss of the pigment melanin from the skin layers which results in white patches. It can start from any part of your body including hair and the inside of the mouth. It can be focal and localized to one area, or it may affect several different areas on the body.
It can affects all skin types and these patches look ugly. However,it may be more noticeable in persons with a dark complexion. The condition does not cause any organic harm. This disease is caused neither by any germs, nor is it due to any infection. It is considered to be neither not life-threatening nor contagious.
Symptoms and signs of vitiligo include loss of skin color in the form of depigmented, or white, patches of skin in any location on the body. Leucoderma is not painful and does not have significant health consequences. But it can have emotional and psychological consequences which could be stressful or make you feel bad about yourself.
Currently there is no cure for leucoderma. Treatment for leucoderma may restore color to the affected skin. But it does not prevent continued loss of skin color or a recurrence.
An early diagnosis will help treating the symptoms. Spread of vitiligo is unpredictable. There is no way to determine if vitiligo will spread or remain confined to one location.
The white patches do not spread for some people. But often the white patches will spread to other areas of the body. Vitiligo spreads slowly, over many years for some people where as for others spreading may occur quickly. Some people have reported more white patches after physical or emotional stress.
Medical treatments can reduce the severity of the condition, but it can be difficult to cure and there is no known way to prevent vitiligo. Different treatment options for Leucoderma include, surgical, homeopathic, pharmaceutical and herbal. This skin disorder can be treated starting from oral medicines, creams, ultraviolet treatment to skin grafting. But sometimes these treatments do not suit your skin type or body and do not work.
Although the herbal remedies cannot completely cure this condition, they can decrease the visible symptoms, which is what the patients require. The best way to treat leucoderma is with the help of home remedies.
Here are some of the home remedies you can use to treat this life changing disease:
Turmeric And Mustard Oil Paste:
Turmeric is one of the most popular ingredients with its anti-inflamatory properties, which can be used to treat leucoderma. Apply a mixture of 1tsp of turmeric powder and 2tsp of mustard oil on the affected area and leave for 15 minutes before washing off. Apply this paste twice daily to get relief. Apply it for six months on your affected areas to show the effectiveness.
Red clay contains high amounts of copper that makes it a perfect herbal remedy for leucoderma. Mix the clay with ginger juice and apply it to the affected areas once a day. The red clay will promote re-pigmentation while the ginger juice will help increase the blood flow to the skin.
Basil and Lime:
A mixture of basil with a few drops of lime juice can be applied to your affected areas, three times a day. You should continue this for six months. However, the first results can be noticed only after a month.
A mixure of bakuchi or Psoralea carylifolia and vinegar can be applied as a paste on the white patch.
Since coconut oil has antibacterial and antifungal properties, you should apply it in its pure form to your affected areas to improve the health of your skin.
Take neem leaves and make a paste by adding buttermilk. Apply this paste on affected areas during night and wash it off in the morning.
Tamarind Seed Paste:
You need to soak tamarind and psoralea seeds in water for 3 to 4 days. Then grind them to paste and apply it on the affected area daily.
Black Gram Paste:
Another home remedy that can help provide relief from leucoderma is black gram. Grind black gram, add water to form the paste. Apply it on the affected area for 4 to 5 months to make your skin get back to its original glory.
Goosefoot Vegetable Juice:
Apply the juice of this vegetable on the affected area daily for 2 months to see the effectiveness.
Grind a handful of dry pomegranate leaves. Have about 8 grams of this powder every morning and evening to treat leucoderma.
Pepper And Ghee:
This is another interesting home remedy that can be used to treat leucoderma. Add 10 pepper in 10gm ghee and heat it. Remove pepper from ghee and use this ghee with your daily food. Regular intake of this ghee can help purify blood and also improve immunity.
Take raw ginger and blend with water to get the juice. Drink this twice a day to heal leucoderma.
Margosa Leaves And Honey Juice:
This is another amazing home remedy that can do wonders and treat this skin disorder effectively. For this, you need to crush few margosa leaves and extract the juice. Add 1table spoon of honey in 2 tablespoon of juice and mix well. Drink this concoction. Though it tastes bitter, it helps in providing relief.
As most of these home remedies do take a long time up to six months to show their results, patiently wait to see the results.
Increase your intake of copper and zinc:
Zinc and copper plays a vital role when it comes to preserving and improving the health of your skin. Zinc can really do help you by decreasing the visible symptoms of Leucoderma. Copper can stimulates the melanocytes to produce more melanin which helps to decrease the visible white patches on your skin. Drinking water that you have previously stored in a copper glass or utensil overnight may help you. You should see the results after six months.
Change your diet:
Along with zinc and copper, Vitamin B9 and Vitamin B12 can help to improve the health condition of patients diagnosed with Vitiligo.
Apply Sunscreen while going out:
Apply sunscreen before you exposes yourself to the sun. UVA and UVB found in sunlight are the most common triggers for Leucoderma. That is why it is very important to protect your skin from the harmful sunlight during the day.
Healthy skin reflects healthy lifestyle. You can follow a simple skin care regime to keep your skin healthy. These include
Drink lots of water throughout the day to keep your skin hydrated.
- Use sunscreen on exposed skin.
- Cover your skin to block ultra violet rays.
- Avoid the sun rays between 10 a.m to 4 p.m.
- Use mild soap to maintain skin's ph balance.
- Avoid stress.