Anemia During Pregnancy: Deficiencies And Their Prevention
Anemia is a low count of red platelets or a low level of hemoglobin. The condition is mostly occur in pregnancy than normal time as the requirement of iron is high, particularly in pregnancy. Your body needs to deliver more blood to help the development and advancement of the fetus.
Gentle anemia in pregnancy is normal, however in the event that the levels are low, it can prompt numerous difficulties, for example, preterm delivery, low birth weight, post pregnancy anxiety or an infant with anemia. It can likewise cause formative deferrals in youngsters.
The deficiency of iron occurs due to their reduced production or excess loss. The body needs healthy levels of iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid to produce the cells in high numbers. Lack of any of these components will lead to anemia.
The three most prevalent forms are:
Vitamin B12 deficiency
Anemia generally occurs when your body has iron deficiency which can not make sufficient hemoglobin.The blood cannot carry enough oxygen from the lungs to the rest of your body due to lack of iron if you have anemia.
During pregnancy, you need extra amount of iron than you usually need. It is essential to produce more blood and supply oxygen to the growing fetus. A pregnant woman should consume 27mg per day. Anemia is nothing but insufficient amounts of iron in the body.
The risk factors of iron deficiency anemia include
Moderate to severe anemia will have these symptoms:
These blood tests has to be done to diagnosis anemia. Once you visit the doctor, he will recommend you to do the below test.
Complete blood count (CBC)
Hematocrit (Hct) to check the percentage of RBCs
Hemoglobin (Hgb) levels
If Hct levels less than 33%, and Hgb less than 11gm per deciliter (dL) of blood in the first and third trimesters then it is detected as anemia.